Archive for May 2015

Old Georgian phrases and sentences 51 (Rev 9:9)   Leave a comment

Today’s lines come from the picturesque language of Revelation 9. Revelation was edited by I. Imnaišvili: იოვანეს გამოცხადება და მისი თარგმანება, ძველი ქართული ვერსია, ძველი ქართული ენის კათედრის შრომები 7 (Tbilisi, 1961), and this edition is available at TITUS here. For more fun I also include the Armenian, here from Conybeare’s ed. (1907), p. 14 of the Armenian part.

Rev. 9:9

καὶ εἶχον θώρακας ὡς θώρακας σιδηροῦς, καὶ ἡ φωνὴ τῶν πτερύγων αὐτῶν ὡς φωνὴ ἁρμάτων ἵππων πολλῶν τρεχόντων εἰς πόλεμον

და აქუნდა ჯაჭუები ვითარცა ჯაჭუები რკინისაჲ, და ჴმაჲ ფრთეთა მათთაჲ ვითარცა ჴმაჲ ეტლთა ცხენთა მრავალთაჲ, რომელნი რბიოდიან ბრძოლად.

  • აქუნდა impf (indir. vb) აქუს to have
  • ჯაჭუი chain, chain mail, lattice
  • რკინაჲ iron
  • ჴმაჲ voice, sound
  • ფრთეჲ wing
  • ეტლი wagon, carriage
  • ცხენი horse
  • რბ-ი-ოდ-ი-ან iter impf 3pl სრბა (NB the verbal noun with s-prefix)
  • ბრძოლა to fight

եւ զրահք նոցա իբրեւ զզրա՛հս երկաթիս։ եւ ձայն թեւոց նոցա իբրեւ զձայն ձիոց բազմաց որ արշաւեն ի պատերազմի։

  • զրահ, զրահք, -հից cuirass, coat of mail
  • երկաթ, -ոյ iron (cf. Erkatagir)
  • ձայն, -ից voice, sound, cry
  • թեւ, -ոց wing
  • ձի, -ոց horse (NB there is nothing corresponding to ἁρμάτων)
  • արշաւեմ, -եցի to run, gallop
  • պատերազմ, ի war, battle, combat
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An Arabic scribal note in a Syriac manuscript   2 comments

I have returned to the CFMM collection for some more cataloging work, and I am now continuing with a series of Syriac homiletic manuscripts, including especially the work of Jacob of Serug. Far into one of these manuscripts (CFMM 134), the following note in Arabic appears:

CFMM 134, p. 666

CFMM 134, p. 666

Here is an ET with a few comments:

Let the reader understand, be informed, and advise [those] near him and everyone that they should give glory to the Son of God, who receives the repentant, who saves his church from drowning in sins and from eternal damnation.

  • Let the reader understand cf. Mk 13:14, ὁ ἀναγινώσκων νοεῖτω.
  • al-muḫalliṣ might better be read without the article, in construct with kanīsatihi, but here the latter word is vocalized kanīsatahu (ACC, not GEN), and so the writer clearly had a verbal (“saving, one who saves [X]”), rather than nominal (“savior [of X]”), function in view for the participle al-muḫalliṣ.
  • ġarīq here seems to = ġaraq.
  • drowning in sins (or the like) is a common expression; another example is in this post.
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